Gaddafi guilty for crimes against humanity
arrest warrant for the dictator and his son
The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno Ocampo, demanded today the tribunal's judges to issue an international arrest warrant for crimes against the human kind to the address of Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al Islam and the chief of the Libyan secret service Abdullah al Senoussi.
According to Mr. Ocampo Gaddafi has "personally ordered" attacks against unarmed Libyan civilians, in their homes and in public offices, and he shot using heavy artillery [...]. All these are strikes of violence that - he said - "are planned coherently in the course of meetings" and perpetrated also against alleged defendants - whose lists are compiled upon Gaddafi's order - and who are then "arrested, imprisoned and tortured and end up disappearing completely". According to the prosecutor Gaddafi did so "to keep his absolute power", which he exerts by "systematically" deploying terror.
17 May 2011
Crimes of genocide and against the humankind
the denial of the individual's value
The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity.